If the growing season is slowing down, don’t ignore your fruit trees. Below are 8 tips to follow when preparing your fruit trees for winter.
Shield Your Fruit Trees Against Frost
In cold parts of the country, fruit trees are susceptible to frost. This results in trunk cracking that diminishes the tree’s ability to take up nutrients and moisture, creating an opening for insects. Shield the bark with tree wrap and take the wrapping off in the springtime. Call a tree care company to get the work done professionally.
Mulch Around Trees
Place woodchip mulch around your fruit trees to discourage competing weeds and grass. Wait until after a period of frost to spread the mulch so rodents don’t make a home in the woodchips beforehand.
Clean Up Around Your Trees
Diseases and insects overwinter in tree debris. For instance, apple scab is a typical disease found on apple trees. It is created by spores released from dead apple leaves and fruit left on the dirt.
Harvest Fall-Bearing Fruit Trees
Pick pears before they mature and let them ripen inside your home in a cool room (i.e. basement). When picking apples, hold the apple at the bottom and slightly twist the fruit upwards to one side. Keep fruit refrigerated for longest shelf life.
Safeguard Your Fruit Trees from Rodents
You can use bendable white plastic drainage pipe or coiled vinyl spirals. Be sure the tree guard goes an inch underground and up to the lowest limbs of the tree.
Keep fruit trees well-watered until late autumn. This is critical if rainfall is in short supply. Water one to two inches deep down so the water gets into the root zone.
Wait to Fertilize
Autumn isn’t the time to fertilize your fruit trees. Fertilizing in autumn might create new growth. In cold areas, tree experts recommend not fertilizing fruit trees until after July.
Thwart Insect Pests
Autumn is the perfect time to use an insect barrier for pests like ants, cankerworms, gypsy moths, weevils, and caterpillars. The sticky solution is weatherproof, long-lasting and catch bugs as they crawl up the tree to find a winter home.
Buffalo neighborhoods filled with tree-lined streets must consider the health of their trees when it comes to road salt. Road salt has numerous detrimental effects on the wellbeing of your trees. An unhealthy tree can ultimately become an expensive liability if the limbs begin to weaken. This is why it is important to ask yourself, “How does road salt affect the environment around my trees?
Road Salt and Your Trees
On evergreens, damage is apparent to the naked eye. Salt residue that is in the air can make the needles yellow and make the conifers pale green. Also, your car can splash salt onto needles, discoloring them as a result.
For deciduous trees, damage is not so obvious. Salts that get into the tree root systems creates drying, altering the soil structure and nutritional balance.
Look for salt damage where snow has piled up near your trees to see if professional tree care service is needed. Treatment options are available to fight salt damage. An arborist can repair the soil by drilling holes near the trees' drip lines and exchanging salt-tainted soil with eco-green matter to give the trees a salt-free area to flourish.
What You Can Do?
Consider trying a different type of road salt. Calcium chloride-based road salt might be a pricier sort of salt compared to sodium chloride. Though, calcium is less damaging to trees.
If you’re going to use sodium chloride, mix it with sawdust, sand, or other comparable materials. This adds traction, reducing the amount of salt spread and bad effects on your trees. Also, watering your trees a little more aid in washing away salt from tree trunks and leaves.
When it comes to caring for your trees, remember that careful placement and planning can hinder your tree’s exposure to road salt.
Today, more property owners are taking advantage of the little areas in their yards, between the sidewalk and street for more plants. While shrubs, annuals, and perennials are great plants for these small places, not all trees are appropriate. Trees planted on terraces can ultimately cause issues with overhead power lines and sidewalks. Continue reading to learn tips for planting trees around your sidewalk.
Planting Space Along Sidewalks
Trees typically have one of two root types. They are either deep taproots, or they have fibrous, lateral roots. Trees with taproots drive their roots deep down to find nutrients and water. Trees with lateral, fibrous roots spread their roots close to the soil surface to get the rain coming from the tree.
These lateral roots can expand very large and lift up the cement sidewalks. On the other hand, concrete over these roots can stop the roots from getting oxygen, rainwater, and other energy sources that trees need for survival. So, it’s not good from either perspective to put shallow rooting trees near sidewalks.
The height of mature trees also factors in on what sort of roots a tree will have and how much room the roots require to grow correctly. Trees that grow under 50 feet make better sidewalk trees since they are less likely to disturb overhead power lines and have little root zones.
How far from a sidewalk to plant a tree?
The general rule is trees that grow close to 30 feet should be planted around three to four feet from sidewalks or concrete spaces. Trees that get 30-50 feet must be planted 5-6 feet from sidewalks. Trees that grow over 50 feet must be planted eight feet from sidewalks. If you have any questions, contact a Buffalo arborist for more information on planting sidewalk trees.
Planting Trees Near Sidewalks
Trees that are a good idea to grow near sidewalks are: White oak/ Japanese lilac tree/ Hickory/ Walnut/ Hornbeam/ Linden/ Ginkgo/ Most ornamental pear trees/ Cherry trees/ Dogwoods
Trees to not plant near sidewalks are: Bradford pear/ Norway maple/ Red maple/ Sugar maple/ Ash/ Sweetgum/ Tulip tree/ Pin oak/ Poplar/ Willow /American elm
If you’re planning on putting some trees on your property, it’s vital to know where you should put them in relation to power lines. Big trees that go up into overhead power lines have to be repeatedly pruned to stay clear of the lines, which can be costly and make for an odd-shaped, unattractive tree.
Also, the roots of trees that are planted too close to underground power lines can be destroyed if the lines are dug up for repair work. This is why it is always best to consult with a tree contractor and your local utility company before beginning any tree planting project.
Here are some tips on what you need to know about planting trees near power lines.
Planting Trees and Overhead Power Lines
Tree specialists and utility companies suggest that homeowners plant trees near overhead power lines pick trees that grow under 25 feet. This is called the low zone. There is also a medium zone and a tall zone.
Here’s how it goes:
Low Zone — This area goes from beneath overhead power lines to between 15-25 feet on any side of the lines. Just low-growing trees that mature from 20-25 feet must be planted in the low zone.
Medium Zone — Medium-growing trees with heights from 25-35 feet have to be planted in the medium zone. This space is around 25-50 feet away from power lines.
Tall Zone — Tall trees that grow over 35 feet must go in the tall zone which starts around 50 feet away from power lines.
Underground Power Lines and Planting Trees
Since underground power lines aren’t significantly buried, and in some instances can be buried near the surface, it’s critical to plant your trees a safe, good distance away. Doing so will aid in not having any issues while digging and can help stop your tree’s roots from sprouting around the lines. While trees and underground power lines typically “live” well together, your tree could be seriously harmed if roots have to be sliced to dig up and fix a line.
Because a tree’s roots are as wide as the tree itself, you might want to think about following the low, medium and tall zone guidelines when planting trees near power lines.
An excellent shade tree can be your BFF on a warm summer day.
Lounge underneath to keep out of the heat. Duck go beneath the branches during a cloudburst. Reduce your home’s utility costs by planting shade trees to stop the sunrays from coming into your home.
The trouble is, trees don’t produce shade overnight. It takes several years for an excellent shade tree to mature. You might even have to hire a tree specialist to assist.
Five Favorite Fast-Growing Shade Trees
However, some trees grow quicker than others. Whether you desire shade or just a good-looking tree in your Buffalo landscape, here’s five of the best trees for the New York area.
Northern Red Oak
The Northern Red Oak is a great tree, and with a growth rate of two feet per year, you don’t have to wait very long to relax under its branches. Additionally, it’s known for vivid red fall color.
This tree typically grows 60-75 feet high at maturity with an impressive canopy spread of around 45 feet. Its crunchy acorns offer a flavorsome feast for wild turkeys, squirrels, raccoons, whitetail deer, and blue jays.
This is one of the most favorably recommended quickest-growing trees. It grows close to eight feet annually. You can almost watch it grow. At maturity, it becomes 40-50 feet.
Autumn Blaze Maple
The name says it all. This is a fall beauty with dazzling orange-red leaves. The Autumn Blaze is a combination of two legendary trees, the silver, and red maples.
Also, it’s the quickest-growing maple, with three to five feet of growth per year. At maturity, Autumn Blaze maples get around 50 feet tall and 40 feet wide with a curved crown.
Best known for its unique cinnamon-colored bark, the river birch is a landscape wonder.
While it grows naturally around river banks, it’s just at home in the landscape, providing spreading limbs at a rapid rate.
It grows between 13-24 inches per year with a final height of 40-70 feet high and a 40-60 feet spread.
Titled for the shape of their flowers, these trees require lots of room to grow. This quick grower (over two feet per year) flourishes up to 90 feet tall. So, you might not see a lot of the yellow-green lowers at the top. But you can value its golden fall leaves.
That is a great question that we’d love to answer. First, ISA is the International Society of Arboriculture. These arborists that obey a code of ethics that guarantees the credibility and reliability of their work.
Using a business that has certified arborists on staff is the way to ensure the security of you and your property, and your trees. When you hire a tree care expert, you want a professional that knows everything about trees from the right fertilization to how to prune correctly to what trees should be planted in your outdoor space
The Significance of an ISA Certification
Being a certified arborist is no easy task. This isn’t just a 10-day class that everyone can take. An ISA certified arborist has been working in the field for hours and practicing correct techniques. To get ISA Certified Arborist credentials, you have to be schooled and trained in all aspects of arboriculture.
ISA Certified Arborist
Let’s begin with the first certification: an ISA Certified Arborist. Ensure that the tree care company you want to hire has certified arborists as part of their staff. Several don’t have these qualified professionals.
Before an individual is qualified to take the ISA Certification test she/he must:
Become an ISA Certified Arborist? Why?
Professional Recognition! Being an ISA Certified Arborist distinguishes you as a tree care professional with the devotion, knowledge, and commitment to achieve something. The American National Standards Institute approves the most popular one, the ISA Certified Arborist program.
Certified Arborist Study Materials
You can use any material you pick during your test preparation. We urge you to use materials that are based on scientific theory and best practices, those that are favored by external reviewers, like governing bodies and accreditation organizations.
The bark of a tree has a crucial purpose in the life of a tree. It’s the outer covering and shields it from the elements similar to the way skin does for animals and humans. Many folks are surprised to learn that when they take off the bark, they are doing harm to the tree and could kill the tree or disrupt its growth. Learn below how bark protects your trees.
The primary purpose of bark on a tree is to safeguard the inner layer of phloem. This layer is vital to the life of a tree since it’s the chief source of energy. The roots and leaves make the food that the tree needs and the phloem transport it to the rest of the tree scattering it as it is necessary for growth and life.
Even if you don’t completely take off a piece of bark, just scratching it can harm the phloem. If this damage is done some distance from the tree or even halfway from the tree, it will survive, but the damage will still affect its survival. Even tiny amounts of damage to the bark can bring death to some of the branches and leaves.
Tree Species and Bark
Every tree type has a different kind of bark, and each has unique characteristics. For example, the bark of the white birch is white and similar to paper. You can write on the bark. While it is an outer covering for the layer of phloem, the bark of the white birch has another purpose. With its light coloring, it can reflect the heat of the sun and stop it from harming the inner core of the tree.
The bark of the Eucalyptus tree also has a distinct purpose. The inner side of the bark is quite oily. If there is a fire, the oil on the bark burns and this shields the rest of the tree so that it doesn’t burn. This exceptional characteristic lets Eucalyptus tree forests refresh themselves since the primary structure of the tree isn’t damaged by the burning.
If you want to learn more about how bark protects your trees, ask a Buffalo tree service company.
Buffalo Tree Service wants to help you in every aspect of tree care available. We are here to give you tips, tricks, and helpful hints to make sure that you give all the love you can to your trees!
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